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92 MUSLIM COLLEGES IN INDIA
|A survey conducted by the Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) shows that there are 92 modern colleges run by Muslims in various parts of India. Some of these colleges are similar to universities taking into account the numbers of students and courses offered. Since securing government approval to establish a ‘university’ is a difficult task, these colleges are affiliated to one university or another. Only one Muslim-run university, Delhi’s Jamia Hamdard, has secured government recognition since independence in 1947.
The AMU survey showed that 60 percent of these colleges offer courses upto graduate level and that 40 percent of these colleges offer courses upto post-graduate level. Three percent of these colleges are funded by Muslim waqfs, 73 percent are run by private volunteer organizations and 18 percent are run by organizations registered as waqfs and 20 percent are girls colleges while 70 percent are co-ed institutions. The survey also showed that 41 percent of these colleges do not receive any government aid. A total of 83 percent of these institutions are registered as minority institutions.
The survey showed that 68 percent of these colleges do not offer vocational courses due to lack of funds or failing to appreciate their need. The survey also brought out that Muslims do not form the majority in many of these institutions. Thus we find that Muslim students form less than 20 percent of the strength of 12 colleges and 21-50 percent in 20 colleges. Only in 13 of these colleges students are hundred percent Muslim. The ratio of non-Muslim teachers in 44 percent of these colleges exceeds that of the Muslims.
The survey gives a proof that the general assumption that the Muslim community is not interested in education is a lie. It shows that there were only six Muslim colleges in the country at the time of Independence in 1947. By 1972 their numbers had grown to 44 colleges. Since then 46 new colleges have come up in various parts of the country. It is noteworthy here that the Indian constitution gives special rights to the religious and cultural minorities to safeguard their identity. This includes the right to establish educational institutions dedicated to promote their religions, languages and cultures.