Jobs @ MG
Indo-Pak friendship: some historical facts
By Ejaz Arshad Qasimi
|The process of the division of
the country in the background of world game-plan was, without doubt, an
unnatural one, which blocked all avenues of nurturing a common nationality
under a well-thought-out plan of the British government. Ninety percent of
the people who supported the division of the country were those who now
belong to India; and ninety percent of those who are now called
'Pakistanis' had voted against the division of the country. This ratio is
in accordance with the official statistics which can be verified and which
Rajinder Puri has rightly admitted in his article inn 2 June 1999 issue of
the Hindustan Times, New Delhi.
Before the partition of the country, the British government under its
dirty colonial policy fanned communal riots so that exchange of population
could take place on the basis of religion. In order to deliberately keep
the process of the partition of the country perpetually in motion, it
raised the Kashmir dispute and drew Pakistan's map in such a way that it
could easily be broken up. When the first war between India and Pakistan
over Kashmir broke out, the then commanders-in-chief of both countries
were British generals. What, after all, was the motive of that war and who
had provoked the two countries to fight each other? How did independence,
achieved after sacrificing thousands of lives, compel the two countries to
indulge in mutual warfare? Historical facts of half a century are
sufficient to open our eyes. We did apparently achieve freedom on 15
August 1947 but our minds and hearts were still being ruled by foreigners.
There has been no change in the thinking trends of the rulers of the two
countries nor there are any indications of this in the near future.
Foreign sponsorship goes on changing but in exchange of our services to
them our rulers do not get mental and ideological freedom. Why?
Pakistan's former president Ayub Khan had offered joint defence to India
in 1959. At that time our former Prime Minister, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru,
while making fun of this offer, had asked: what is this joint defence and
against whom is it? But soon thereafter when India had to face war with
China in 1962 and we faced the ignominy of defeat, Nehru's eyes opened.
But by that time Pakistan had extended its hand of friendship to China.
This event took place during the sixth decade of the last century when the
whole world was divided into two blocs and America's friendship with the
Chinese and Pakistani armies had been established. In this international
game India and Pakistan were simply tools in the hands of giant powers
much against their respective national interests and had completely failed
in their foreign policies.
On one occasion, the American President Nixon had described Pakistan's
integrity as the milestone of American foreign policy. What was its
objective and in which background had he made this declaration? US wanted
cooperation between American and Chinese forces through Pakistan's good
offices in order to check Soviet expansionism. Soviet Russia always
discounted the important of friendly relationship with Pakistan. As a
result Pakistan weakened Russiaís power with the help of US and China.
This solved USís problem and served its objective. Since India had
rejected Pakistanís 1959 offer of joint defence, she virtually became
helpless and ineffective on the Asian scene. The result was that by
defeating its neighbouring rival, China established its hegemony in Asia.
In this international game, what else was received by Pakistan except a
damaging war and India a humiliating defeat by China?
After the break-up of the Soviet Union and decline of Communism, US
developed as a superpower in the world. If at all there was any power to
challenge its hegemony in Asia, it was only China. Hence, bringing about a
drastic change in its foreign policy, it accused China of espionage, which
spoiled the relations between the two countries. America now started
developing an urge for better relations between India and Pakistan so that
they could provide a bigger market compared to China, and so that a
balance of power could be established in Asia as a result of cooperation
between these two neighbouring countries in matters of defence. US is keen
to create a balancing power in Asia as a result of better relations
between India and Pakistan. This is because the US does not want any
country or power in any region which could challenge its hegemony.
But US foreign policy is still not clear in this respect. Some people want
development of better relations between India and Pakistan without
affecting their good relations with China while some strongly oppose
spoiling of good relations between US and China at the cost of better
relations between India and Pakistan. These people want to safeguard their
70 billion dollars annual trade with China. But no one there cherishes the
idea of better relations between Pakistan and China.
There is a general belief that this change among Americans has taken place
after the nuclear explosion by Pakistan because China is mainly
responsible for the development of Pakistanís nuclear technology and
expertise, as a result of which Pakistan has emerged as a hero in the
Islamic World and its nuclear bomb is being considered as the Islamic bomb
of future. This belief is strengthened because only after the attainment
of nuclear capability by Pakistan, Lahore bus journey was undertaken at
USí pressure and Prime Ministers of India and Pakistan were compelled to
extend hands of friendship towards each other. Though some hard-liners in
Pakistan had tried, and almost succeeded, to prevent the Nawaz-Vajpayee
meeting from becoming fruitful through fomenting the Kargil crisis.
Once again India is offering to Pakistan to discuss all Indo-Pak issues,
including Kashmir. This decision of Vajpayee government is not the result
of its own home-made foreign policy and thinking but the result of USí
pressure which is a clear indication of our intellectual bankruptcy and
failure of our foreign policy. (Translated
from Urdu) q