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Libya: Basics facts and figures
|Official name: The Great Socialist
People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
Location: Libya is located in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean
Sea It has six neighbors: Egypt, Sudan, Chard, Niger, Algeria, and
Tunisia. The country’s location has enabled it to witness many
civilization and became an important caravan trade link between Africa and
Area: 1, 775, 500 sq km with a surface comprising coastal plains,
plateaus, and mountains. The Sahara desert extends deep into the south
with its scattered oases and small towns. Green forests are found on Al-Jabal
Al-Akhdar in eastern Libya.
Climate: A typical Mediterranean climate along the coast in the northern
parts and dry desert in the south. Average yearly rainfall 240 mm. Average
temperature is between 8C during winter and 38C during summer time.
Population: estimated in 1999 at 5.04 million; most of them inhabit the
Population age structure: 0-5 years: 12. 5%; 5-24 years : 51.4%; 25-64
years: 32.2%; and 65+: 3.9%
Official Language: Arabic (English, French and Italian are widely
Currency: 1 Libyan Dinar (LD) =1,000 Dirhams
Political System: People’s democracy in which popular direct authority
is the basis of the political system. Authority including legislation is
exercised through the Basis People’s Congresses and implemented by
Major cities: Tripoli, Benghazi, Tubruq, Darna, Al- Bayda, Misurata, Sirte,
Zawia, Gharyan and Sebha.
Major archaeological sites: Tripoli, Sabrata, Libda (Leptis Magna), Shahat
(Syrene), Germa (Garama), Ghadamas,Ghat, Kabawe among many others.
Major oases: Jalu, Awjila, Al-Jaghbub, Al-Kufra, Al- Jufra, Murzuq, Al-Qatrun,
Natural lakes: Waw An-Namus, Gabar Awon, Mindera, Umm Al-Ma, and Majzem.
Libyan Economy indications
GDP: Purchasing power parity: US$34.07 billion (1999)
GDP: per capita: US$6,760 (1999)
Foreign Trade: Libya depends primarily upon revenues from oil and natural
gas in addition to petrochemical and other industrial products. Machines,
transportation, foodstuffs, and animasl were of the major imports and
exports in 1999
Libya imports/exports (in thousands of LDs):in 1999:
Exports: 3,682,182; Imports: 1,928,588 q