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Published in the 16-31 Dec 2004 print edition of MG; send me the print edition

HERITAGE

Bijapur

By Imran Omari

Bijapur a historical city has a lot of 15th to 17th century mosques, mausoleums, palaces and forts. The world famous mausoleum the Golgumbaz built in 1659 encloses a majestic hall buttressed by seven storey towers. The magnificent dome 44 metres in diameter reputed to be the second largest cups the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah and boasts the most sensitive echo chamber. The Ibrahim Roza Mausoleum, Juma Masjid, Aasar Mahal and Gagan Mahal are places of interest. Let us now try to know the history of Bijapur. 

Bijapur-Gol Gumbad-tomb of muhammad Adil Shah

Gol Gumbad

The history of Bijapur as indicated above is quite ancient. During the period of the Ramayana. When Badami was destined to be the capital of a large kingdom for nearly 200 years achieved by the Chalukyas. There after the place was virtually in oblivion. It was only during the reign of Chalukya Vikramaditya 6th Bijapur again had the fortune of becoming the 2nd capital of his kingdom. 

As a local legend narrates, some 7 villages namely Gajakanhalli, Bajakanahalli, Chandanakeri, Kyadagi, Katarakeri, Kurubanhalli, and Kujanakuti together constituted into Bijjanahalli. In course of time Bijjanahalli was sanskritised into Vijayapura, Vidayapura, later Vijapura, Bijapur in the common tongue. There are many inscriptions of the subsequent periods relating to Bijapur. As stated in an inscription a Mandalika got built Bijapur city and named it Vijayapura in 1199.

Ibrahim Roza

Ibrahim Roza 

It was the seasonal capital of Yadavas Devgiri after Muslims. In 1312, Karimuddin, who is said to be the commander-in-chief to Allauddin Khilji, conquered the Yadava kingdom; and the Delhi sultan was appointed governor of Bijapur. 

In the latter part of 15th century Bidar was the capital of the kingdom. Mohammed, the chief minister, the most able statesman, valiant and clever, owing to internal strives and jealousy, was put to death in 1471.Enraged at this heinous act there followed Bhairi Nizam Shah, the governor of Ahmednagar division was the first to break away from the kingdom, declared independence and thus became the founder of the Nizam Shahi kingdom. Yusuf Khan of the Turk family the then governor of the Bijapur division followed suit. Thus was founded the Adil Shahi kingdom from Bijapur in 1489. Disturbances in the kingdom brought about the disintegration of the kingdom (darulumoor.ibc.co.in).

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