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Posted Online on Monday, 11 September 2006 21:45 IST

Muslim Islamic NewsWhat is Vande Mataram

By Dr. Mustafa Kamal Sherwani

The Milli Gazette Online

The controversy surrounding VANDEY MATRAM has once again assumed the most fissiparous, unsecular and disruptive dimensions with the the Chhattisgarh government making its recital compulsory in all the educational institutions including Madarsas. Vandey Matram whose opening words mean 'MOTHER I BOW TO THEE' (the full text and its English translation is quoted below) is totally against the monotheistic faith of Muslims which does not allow the bowing of head to any entity except Allah. This guarantee of 'FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE AND FREE PROFESSION, PRACTICE AND PROPAGATION OF RELIGION' is accorded under Article
25 of the Constitution in totally unambiguous terms and has been consistently upheld by the Honourable Supreme Court in the series of the decisions. Those who want to infringe this fundamental right of Muslims by making it compulsory for them to recite these un-Islamic words in the false name of nationalism must realise that to love one's country is distinct from 'worshipping it. Further they must understand that the foundations of Indian secularism are based upon the multiplicity of religions, and not on cultural nationalism or ethno-centric notions. Muslim groups in India must immediately file the writ petition before the Honourable Supreme Court if the the governments like that of Chhattisgarh do not desist from their anti-Muslim attitudes, and are bent upon deriving political mileage from this flagrant violation of Muslims Fundamental Right under Article 25 of the Constitution.

Dr Shervani was a former president of All India Muslim Forum and is presently, the Ag. Deputy Vice-Chancellor of Zanzibar University, TANZANIA

Bharat Ma...Vande Mataram
Vande Mataram ! 
"Vande maataraM 
sujalaaM suphalaaM malayaja shiitalaaM 
SasyashyaamalaaM maataram || 
Shubhrajyotsnaa pulakitayaaminiiM 
pullakusumita drumadala shobhiniiM 
suhaasiniiM sumadhura bhaashhiNiiM 
sukhadaaM varadaaM maataraM || 

Koti koti kantha kalakalaninaada karaale 
koti koti bhujai.rdhR^itakharakaravaale 
abalaa keno maa eto bale 
bahubaladhaariNiiM namaami taariNiiM 
ripudalavaariNiiM maataraM || 

Tumi vidyaa tumi dharma 
tumi hridi tumi marma 
tvaM hi praaNaaH shariire 

Baahute tumi maa shakti 
hR^idaye tumi maa bhakti 
tomaara i pratimaa gaDi 
mandire mandire || 

TvaM hi durgaa dashapraharaNadhaariNii 
kamalaa kamaladala vihaariNii 
vaaNii vidyaadaayinii namaami tvaaM 

Namaami kamalaaM amalaaM atulaaM 
SujalaaM suphalaaM maataraM || 

ShyaamalaaM saralaaM susmitaaM bhuushhitaaM 
DharaNiiM bharaNiiM maataraM |"

Translation by Shree Aurobindo:

Mother, I bow to thee! 
Rich with thy hurrying streams, 
bright with orchard gleams, 
Cool with thy winds of delight, 
Dark fields waving Mother of might, 
Mother free. 

Glory of moonlight dreams, 
Over thy branches and lordly streams, 
Clad in thy blossoming trees, 
Mother, giver of ease 
Laughing low and sweet! 
Mother I kiss thy feet, 
Speaker sweet and low! 
Mother, to thee I bow. 

Who hath said thou art weak in thy lands 
When the sword flesh out in the seventy million hands 

And seventy million voices roar 
Thy dreadful name from shore to shore? 
With many strengths who art mighty and stored, 
To thee I call Mother and Lord! 
Though who savest, arise and save! 
To her I cry who ever her foeman drove 
Back from plain and Sea 
And shook herself free. 

Thou art wisdom, thou art law, 
Thou art heart, our soul, our breath 
Though art love divine, the awe 
In our hearts that conquers death. 
Thine the strength that nervs the arm, 
Thine the beauty, thine the charm. 
Every image made divine 
In our temples is but thine. 

Thou art Durga, Lady and Queen, 
With her hands that strike and her 
swords of sheen, 
Thou art Lakshmi lotus-throned, 
And the Muse a hundred-toned, 
Pure and perfect without peer, 
Mother lend thine ear, 
Rich with thy hurrying streams, 
Bright with thy orchard gleems, 
Dark of hue O candid-fair 

In thy soul, with jewelled hair 
And thy glorious smile divine, 
Lovilest of all earthly lands, 
Showering wealth from well-stored hands! 
Mother, mother mine! 
Mother sweet, I bow to thee, 
Mother great and free! 

Bunkin Chandra composed the song Vande Mataram, Rabindranath sang it by setting a glorious tune to it and it was left to Shri Aurobindo to interpret its deeper meaning.

The English translation of Vande Mataram rendered by Shree Aurobindo, is considered as official and best as per Bhavan's book, Vande Mataram by Moni Bagchee (pg. 66).

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