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"Take from their wealth a portion for
charity (zakat), in order to clean them thereby, and sanctify them."
Zakat India Info 2017 (Milli Gazette)
Organisations offering Zakat
collection and its distribution
For maximum utilisation of your
Zakat, sadaqat & charity
purifies your wealth
Islamic Centre Vellore
Premier centre for Islamic
Dawah and for the education of neo-Muslims in Tamil Nadu
List of Organisations offering Muslim
‘Prayer carries us half-way to God, fasting brings us
to the door of His palace, and alms procure us admission.’
Zakah (welfare contribution) is the third pillar of
Islam. The word Zakah means to ‘purify or cleanse’. Zakah is the name
given in Islam to that portion of money or wealth which as per Allah’s
command is given to the poor and the needy so that they become the owner
of it. In other words, fasting and prayers are forms of bodily worship
while Zakah is a form of worship which is pecuniary in nature.
Zakah provides us with the opportunity of sharing our
excess wealth with those less fortunate than ourselves. In fact we and our
wealth belong to Allah. He is the real owner and we merely are the
trustees of His wealth.
Zakah is an act of Ibadah. Ibadah is an
Arabic word which means ‘worship and obedience’. It includes all
activities of life, if we do them to please Allah. We pay Zakah to gain
Allah’s favour. We just do our duty as trustees if we pay Zakah as an
obligatory part of Ibadah.
‘Alms giving’ is a command for a person who
combines in himself the following conditions:
a) he is a Muslim; b) he is a free person; c) he is a
major; d) he is the owner of Nisab (the minimum required capital free from
all encumbrances and needs); e) one full year has passed since he came to
exclusively possess the above said capital.
Zakah will become a command and an obligation if all
the above conditions combine in a person.
Similarly, if a person has less capital with him than
the minimum prescribed for Nisab, or he is under debt or else one full
year has not elapsed since he came to possess so much wealth, Zakah is not
command for him.
It is necessary to have the intention to pay the Zakah
while giving it, or at least to earmark the portion for it. No Zakah shall
be deemed to have been paid if the money is given to someone without
intention to pay the Zakah and late to decide to count it as such.
Wealth on which Zakah is payable
Amount which determines the payment of Zakah (Nisab)
Rate of Zakah
1. Agricultural produce
5 Awsuq (653 kg) per harvest
5% produce in case of irrigated land; 10% of
produce from rain fed land.
2. Gold, Silver, ornaments of gold and silver
85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver
2.5% of value
3. Cash in bank or in hand
value of 595 grams of silver
2.5% of amount
4. Trading Goods
value of 595 grams of silver
2.5% value of goods
5. Cows & buffaloes
30 in no.
For every 30, one 1year old; For every 40, one
6. Goats & Sheep
40 in no.
1 for first 40, two for 120; 3 for 300, one more
for every 100.
7. Produce of mines
20% of value of produce
5 in no.
a) upto 24, 1 sheep or goat for each 5
old she camel;
b) 25-35, one 1-year old she camel;
c) 36-45, one 2-year old she camel;
d) 46-60, one 3-year old she camel;
e) 61-75, one 4-year old she camel;
f) 76-90, two 2-year old she camel;
h) 121 or more, one 2-year old she camel for additional 40 or one
3-year old she camel for additional 50
Whom to Pay the Zakah Money
‘Alms are to be given to the poor and the needy, and
to those who collect them, and to those whose hearts are won to Islam, and
for ransoms and for debtors, and for the cause of God, and for the
wayfarer.’ (ix. 60)
The following categories of people can (legitimately)
be given the Zakah money:
a) the first are fuqara, plural of faqir,
which literally means ‘a man who is afflicted by a calamity.’
Apparently, it refers to disabled people who, on account of some defect,
are unable to earn their living. b) the second are Masakin, plural
of miskin i.e. one caused by poverty to have little power of motion.
Miskin is one, who, though fit to earn sufficient, is unable to do so on
account of poverty or lack of resources. The miskin is the needy man who
if given a little help can earn livelihood for himself. The unemployed
would fall in this category. c) A needy person, i.e. a person who has some
belongings but they fall short of the minimum prescribed for Nisab; d) a
pauper, i.e. a person who just has nothing; e) a debtor, namely, a person
who owes debts to others and has no alms worthy capital free from
encumbrances; f) a person, ‘on journey’ who has run short of money; g)
It may also be given to assist a mukatib, or slave who is working in order
to purchase his freedom and to persons who are too poor to go on a jihad
or to make the Hajj.
Besides these, first preference should be given to
one’s kin such as sister, brother, father-in-law, son-in-law, if they
are deserving. Next in preference come one’s neighbours and the people
of the town who deserve it more than others. Third preference should be
given to those who serve the cause of Islam, such as students pursuing
Those who cannot be given Zakah
The following persons are barred from receiving alms:
a) any well-to-do person, namely, a person on whom
Zakah is due or such a one as has capital, over and above his actual needs
provided it is equivalent in value to minimum prescribed for Nisab
even though the capital is in the form of copper utensils (which are in
themselves excluded from the lost of alms worthy capital); b) Descendant
of the Prophet and Bani Hashim. The term bani applies to the descendants
of Hadrat Harith bin Abdul Muttalib, Hadrat Jafar, Hadrat Aqil, Hadrat
Abbas and Hadrat Ali are not allowed to receive Zakah; c) parents,
grandparents and great grand parents of the person concerned; d) sons,
daughters, grand children and great grand children of such a person; e)
husband and wife can neither give alms to nor receive from each other; f)
an unbeliever cannot be given Zakah; and g) minor children of a well-to-do
person are also barred from receiving Zakah.
No one belonging to any one of the above categories is
eligible to receive Zakah.
Things on which Zakah money cannot be spent
Zakah money cannot be spent on the following: items or
things in which no person is likely to be the possessor or owner of the
money so spent are not fit items for utilizing the Zakah money. Thus, no
such money can be spent on the burial of the dead, liquidation of debt on
behalf of a dead person, construction of a mosque or buying necessary
accessories of the mosque as carpets, tumblers, water etc., for funeral
expenses or to purchase a slave in order to set him free.
Zakat - Almsgiving
Muslims give a small percentage of their annual savings as alms or charity, called
zakat. Learn how to calculate its amount.
Literal Meaning: Zakat means grow (in goodness) or 'increase', 'purifying' or 'making pure'. So the act of giving zakat means purifying one's wealth to gain Allah's blessing to make it grow in goodness.
Source: Definition from the Zakat Collection Center in Kuala Lumpur.
|...the Qur’an says,
“(Zakat) charity is only for the poor and the needy and those employed to administer it, and those whose hearts are made to incline, and (to free) the captives, and those in debt, and in the way of Allah and for the wayfarer – an ordinance from Allah. And Allah is Knowing, Wise.” (9:60)...
» One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things
belong to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust.
The word Zakat means both 'purification' and 'growth'. Our possessions are
purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need, and, like the
pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new
» The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The best charity is to feed an empty
» The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said, "Whosoever clothes another Muslim,
Allah (SWT) will cloth him on the Day of Judgment with clothes of Heaven (Jannat)."
» The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, "Indeed, an ignorant man who is
generous is dearer to God than a worshipper who is miserly."
» The rich will be crawling into Heaven.
» When one gives Zakat with one hand the other hand should not know.
» The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, "Every good, done for the rich
or the poor, is charity."
» The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, "…wealth is (like) green and
sweet (fruit), and whoever takes it without greed, God will bless it for
him, but whoever takes it with greed…will be like someone who eats but
is never satisfied…The upper (giving) hand is better than the lower
» The Prophet (PBUH) said, "The nation that withholds Zakat (i.e.
does not pay it), Allah afflicts famine on them."
» Ali and Abu Hurayrah (radi Allahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (PBUH)
said, "When Zakat is looked upon as a penalty (i.e., people will pay
Zakat with a heavy heart, as though it is a penalty), then look for
violent windstorms, earthquakes, men being swallowed by the earth,
metamorphosis, stones being pelted from the skies, and calamities
following one another in rapid succession, like beads of rosary falling
one after the other when its string is cut."
» The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said, "A man giving in alms one piece of
silver in his lifetime is better for him than giving one hundred when
about to die."
» The Prophet Muhammad, as reported by Abu Hurairah. Every morning two
angels come down from the Heaven. One says, "O Allah! Reward all
those who give in Your cause," while the other says, "O Allah!
Uproot every miser who withholds."
» When people stop giving Zakat the rain stops coming down. The only
reason it still rains however is because of the animals.
» Money is only yours when you spend it in Allah (SWT) `s way.
RECIPIENTS OF ZAKAT:
The recipients of Zakat, according to Qur'an are as follows:
"Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to
administer (the funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently)
reconciled (to truth); for those in bondage and in debt; and for the
wayfarer: (Thus is it) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of Knowledge
and Wisdom." (Qur'an 9:60)
1. FUQARA: people who are poor and who possess more than their basic needs
but do not possess wealth equal to Nisaab.
2. MASAKEEN: people who are destitute and extremely needy to the extent
they are forced to beg for their daily food rations.
3. AL-AMILEEN: people appointed by an Islamic Government to collect Zakat.
4. MU-ALLAFATUL-QULUB: persons who have recently accepted Islam and are in
need of basic necessities who would benefit from encouragement by Muslims
which would help strengthen their faith.
5. AR-RIQAAB: slaves who are permitted to work for remuneration and have
an agreement from their masters to purchase their freedom on payment of
6. AL-GHAARIMEEN: persons who have a debt and do not possess any other
wealth or goods with which they could repay that which they owe. It is
conditional that this debt was not created for any un-Islamic purpose.
7. FI-SABILILLAH: persons who have to carry out an obligatory deed which
has become obligatory on them and subsequently (due to loss of wealth) are
unable to complete that obligation.
8. IBN-US-SABEEL: persons who are travelers and during the course of their
journey do not possess basic necessities, though they are well to do at
home. They could be given Zakat in order to fulfill travel needs to return
PERSONS WHO CANNOT BE GIVEN ZAKAT:
1. Zakat cannot be given to the descendants of Rasulullah (sallallahu
2. Zakat cannot be given to parents and grandparents. In the same manner
one's children and grandchildren cannot be given Zakat. A husband and wife
cannot give Zakat to each other.
3. Zakat contributions cannot be given to such institutions or
organizations who do not give the rightful recipients possession of Zakat,
but instead use Zakat funds for constructions, investment or salaries.
VIRTUES OF ZAKAT:
Allah says in the Qur'an:
"The parable of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is
that of a grain of corn. It grows seven ears and each ear has hundred
grains. Allah increases manifold to whom He pleases." (Qur'an 2:261)
It is stated in the Hadith that by giving Zakat the following benefits are
1. Gain the pleasure of Allah
2. Increase in wealth and protection from losses
3. Allah's forgiveness and blessings
4. Protection from the wrath of Allah and from a bad death
5. A shelter on the Day of Judgment;
6. Security from seventy misfortunes
THE PUNISHMENT FOR NOT GIVING ZAKAT:
Allah says in the Qur'an:
"And there are those who hoard gold and silver and do not spend it in
the way of Allah, announce to them a most grievous penalty (when) on the
Day of Judgment heat will be produced out of that wealth in the fire of
Hell. Then with it they will be branded on their forehead and their flanks
and backs. (It will be said to them) This is the treasure which you
hoarded for yourselves, taste then the treasure that you have been
hoarding." (Qur'an 9:34-35)
All Zakah items in your possession, including gold, silver, etc. if
any. Once the Nisab is completed, Zakah becomes payable.
Banknotes Gold Silver Jewelry Debts Capital Goods Merchandise Cattle
Mineral Resources Fruits & Other Crops Extracted Treasures
Zakat in India today
Zakat is usually calculated and given out in the month of Ramadan before
Eid. There are several ways of giving out Zakat: some people distribute it themselves among the needy, the poor widows, disabled, sick, and to help poor parents to marry off their daughters.. Some give it to charitable organizations like
madrasahs, orphanages to utilize it to educate and provide fee for poor children
|Towards better handling of
zakat: "I pay Zakat in the name of God. If anyone does anything wrong in its collection or distribution, he will be punished by Allah," said Mohammad
Nisar, a resident of Zakir Nagar, South Delhi....
|...Resources for funding social work projects can also be generated locally from
zakat funds. Zakat, a tithe payable by all Muslims whose wealth exceeds a basic minimum, is one of the five 'pillars' of Islam. I have no idea how many Kashmiris regularly pay their
zakat, but many Muslim organizations elsewhere have experimented with new ways of using zakat funds, which could be adopted in Kashmir as well. Rather than distributing the money to individuals in need, it could be paid into community-controlled local level
zakat committees (bait-ul mals) which, in turn, could use the resources to start education and training schemes and income-generation projects for the needy...
...Zakat - One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to God and that wealth is held in trust by human beings.
Zakat, or charitable giving, "purifies" wealth by setting aside a portion for those in need. This payment is usually two and a half percent of one's capital....
PRESIDENT KALAM DISTRIBUTES
Ghaziabad: President APJ Abdul Kalam sent his zakat to the orphaned and poor children through his private secretary...
... A DREAM
Out of 150 million Muslims let us say there are 400,000 who can give Rs.2500 per annum (as
zakat, sadaqah, imdaad...)
400,000 x Rs 2500 = Rs 1000 million
...we are running a Zakat Foundation. It works to create awareness among Muslims regarding payments of
zakat. A large number of Muslims do not know anything regarding how much and what to pay in
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