Drastic fall in male-female ratio

Srinagar: The state of Jammu and Kashmir shows a drastic fall in child and female sex ratio as per the provisional census data released here on April 7.

“The child sex ratio (0 to 6 years of age) has fallen to 859 in 2011 from 941 in 2001. Female sex ratio in 2001 was 892 and this time it is 883,” says Farooq Ahmad Factoo, Director Census Operations.

Kulgam in south Kashmir shows the highest sex ratio whereas Leh shows the lowest. Sex ratio (females per 1000 males) in Kulgam has been found to be 951 followed by Shopian with 951 and Anantnag with 937. Doda has 922, Kishtwar 917, Pulwama 913, Bandipora 911. Similarly, Ramban shows 901, Reasi 891, Poonch 890 and Samba shows 886. Budgam shows 883, Srinagar 879, Kathua 877, Baramulla 873, Jammu finds 871, Ganderbal 869, Udhampur and Rajouri both show 863, Kupwara 843 and Kargil 775.

It also shows a decline in child sex ratio. The ratio in district Srinagar has fallen to 869 and 795 in Jammu. Other districts too follow suit. Ratio in district Kupwara has fallen to 854 and 832 in Budgam, in Leh it has fallen to 944 and 978 in Kargil. Baramulla shows a decline to 866, Bandipora 893, Ganderbal 863, Pulwama 836, Shopian 883, Anantnag 832 and Kulgam 882. Jammu division is no exception. Poonch shows the ratio at 895, Rajouri 837, Kathua 836, Doda 932, Ramban 931, Kishtwar 922, Udhampur 887, Reasi 921 and Samba 787, respectively. Pertinently, population in state has grown to 1.25 crore from 1.1 crore in 2001. The literacy rate of state too has gone up. “It is now 68 percent compared to 55 percent in 2001.”

This article appeared in The Milli Gazette print issue of 1-15 May 2011 on page no. 15

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