Education and Careers

Rise of Indian Muslims in Elementary Education

Original_257-muslim-education

District Information System for Education DISE is a joint initiative of National University of Educational Planning & Administration (NUEPA), Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) & UNICEF. NUEPA has released detailed state-specific indicators and Educational Development Index (EDI) through its publication, DISE Flash Statistics: Elementary Education in India: Progress towards UEE which is based on the data collected during the year 2009-10 with 30th September 2009 as its date of reference.

The preliminary analysis of provisional data suggests a significant improvement in participation of Muslim Minority children in elementary education programmes.

The Data which has been received from more than 1.28 million recognised schools imparting elementary education from across 635 Districts spread over 35 States and Union Territories of the country reveals a total enrollment of 17.17 million (against 14.83 million in 2008-2009) Muslim children in primary classes in 2009-10 which is 13.04 percent of the total 131.72 million enrollment (Total, provisional) in Primary Classes I to V. During 2009-10, an additional 2.34 million Muslim minority children were enrolled in primary classes across the country. The percent share of Muslim enrollment during the previous year was 11.03 percent and in 2007-08, it was 10.49 percent.

 

State/UT

% Muslim

 

 

% Muslim Enrollment:2009-10*

Primary Level (Class I to V)

Upper Primary Level

Elementary Level

(Class  I to VIII)

2007-

2008-

2009-

2007-08

2008-09

2009

2008-

2009-

Total

A.P.

9.17

10.51

10.79

8.99

9.45

10.07

8.13

10.55

8.70

944379

Assam

30.92

31.94

35.08

39.89

20.26

25.57

31.87

32.31      

37.34

1927770

Bihar       

16.53

11.27

12.96

13.83

8.22

10.35

12.21

12.47

13.50

2565858

Delhi       

11.72

5.33

12.33

15.15

8.39

10.66

12.24

11.72

14.07

383347

Gujarat

9.06

4.57

4.73

6.45

4.52

4.75

6.44

4.74

6.45

504031

Haryana

5.78

5.34

3.61

6.68

2.31

2.03

2.77

3.09        

5.37

179314

J&K

66.97

59.29

66.42

67.80

58.22

63.96

65.14

65.62

66.9

1320192

Jharkhand

13.85

10.30

10.74

13.25

9.04

9.91

11.78

10.56

12.89

840874

Karnataka

12.23

15.06

14.67

35.52

16.73

13.81

37.13

14.42

35.99

2748170

Kerala

24.70

21.49

26.22

33.24

19.09

21.98

29.23

24.51

31.61

1060733

M.P.

6.37

3.27

3.22

4.23

3.13

3.06

3.80

3.18        

4.10

642317

M.S.

10.60

8.61

9.31

12.03

7.24

8.02

10.40

8.87

11.46

1817480

Orissa

2.07

1.67

1.69

1.72

1.60

1.62        

1.8

1.66        

1.74

104120

Rajasthan

8.47

5.40

5.05

6.73

3.61

3.46        

4.43

4.59

6.06

737486

Tamil Nadu

5.56

4.74

4.47

5.25

4.74

4.47

5.08

4.47

5.19

514961

Tripura

7.95

7.51

7.83

9.15

6.68

7.58

9.20

7.75

9.16

60833

U.P.

18.50

9.34

9.59

10.31

7.34

7.55

8.20

9.12

9.80

3090330

U.K.

11.92

14.80

13.78

15.39

8.06

7.35

8.90

11.68

13.19

208410

W.B.

25.25

28.13

28.28

30.03

18.91

20.08

22.59

25.79

27.68

3507164

All States

13.43

10.49

11.03

13.04

8.54

9.13

11.47

10.49

12.58

23369346

                 

Latest Muslim Proportion

 

I

Total primary enrolment

131.72 Million

Muslim Enrolment

17.17 Million

%

13.04 %

II

Total upper primary enrolment

54.02 Million

Muslim Enrolment

6.20 Million

%

11.47 %

III

 

Total elementary enrolment     

185.74 Million

Muslim enrolment

23.37 Million

%

12.58%

 

Of the total Muslim enrollment in primary classes, the percentage of Muslim girls is 48.89 which is quite similar to the share of girls in overall primary enrollment (48.44 percent) at the all-India level. Apart from Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Bihar, Delhi Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal are a few other states which have a high percentage of Muslim Minority children in its primary classes. Like enrollment in primary classes, percentage of Muslim enrollment in upper primary classes has also improved to 11.47 percentages in 2009-10, from 9.13 percentage in 2008-09 and 8.54 percent in 2007-08. Of the total 54.02 million enrollment in upper primary classes in the country in 2009-10, Muslim enrollment is reported to be 6.20 million (4.87 million in 2008-2009) and the percentage of Muslim girls to total Muslim enrollment in Upper Primary classes is 49.97 percent which is above the National average of 48.04. like enrollment in primary classes, Assam,. Bihar, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal too have high percentage share of Muslim enrollment in its primary classes.

The preliminary data also reveals 12.58 percent Muslim enrollment in elementary classes I to VIII of which 49.20 percent are girls. Both primary and Upper Primary enrollment together have a total of 23.37 million Muslim enrollment in elementary classes. Uttar Pradesh alone has a total of 3.09 million Muslim enrollment against 3.51 million in West Bengal and 2.57 million in Bihar in Elementary classes. The provisional gross enrollment ratio at elementary level of education in case of Muslim children comes out to be around 93 percent.

The preliminary enrollment data for the year 2009-10 also reveals that there are certain pockets in the country which has got high percentage of Muslim enrollment. There are about 1,01,484 schools which have got more than 25 percent Muslim enrollment (to total enrollment in elementary classes) which is 7.91 percent of the total schools that impart elementary education in the country. Similarly, 72,053 (5.62 percent) schools have above 50 percent Muslim enrollment as compared to 54,355 schools (4.84 percent) having 75 percent and above and 43,809 schools (3.41 percent) even having a share of 90 and above Muslim enrollment to total enrollment in the country.

Apart from Jammu and Kashmir, 34 districts in the country have more than 50 percent Muslim enrollment in primary classes in 2009-10 compared to 30 such districts in case of upper primary enrollment. One each from Bihar, Lakshadweep and Kerala and 2 from West Bengal and 8 districts of Assam.

Syed Shahabuddin is President, All India Muslim Majlis-e-Mushawarat, retired IFS officer, former Member of Parliament, Advocate Supreme Court and former Editor Muslim India.

This article appeared in The Milli Gazette print issue of 1-15 October 2010 on page no. 12

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