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Students of Madhya Pradesh weakest in education

Bhopal: In spite of all efforts by the BJP-ruled Madhya Pradesh to improve the level and standard of education in government schools, according to NCERT (National Council of Educational Research & Training)’s National Achievement Survey, children / students of Madhya Pradesh (MP) are the weakest or most backward in education and that boy and girl students in all subjects are weaker than the average in almost every subject. This survey was conducted for the first time in all states of the country and in MP more than 300 government and private schools were included for survey. The low level and standard of education in MP does not mean that the state government is not taking any step for improving the level and standard of education. It is of course taking necessary steps in this direction, seeing that whereas in the year 2011-12 the budget for school education was Rs. 10,034 crores in MP, in the year 2015-16 it was increased to Rs. 15,749 crores and in the current year i.e. 2016-17 it was increased to Rs. 20,939 crores but the result was no better. The survey found that the condition of govt schools was very bad and the percentage of examination results continued to fall year after year and in spite of all efforts the standard of education is not improving. In view of this, questions are being raised as to how the huge amounts of thousands of crores of rupees are being used? Though the condition and standard of private schools is somewhat better, those of government schools is not at all satisfactory.

Child marriage: In spite of government schemes and creating awareness against child marriage, conditions from this point of view also have not fully improved. According to National Health Survey Report, 21 percent boys and 10 percent girls get married before the legally prescribed age. In tribal areas child marriage takes place on ‘a large scale and in Jhabuwa district of MP this condition is the worst where about 55% out of the 21 percent boys get married beore the legally prescribed age. According to officers who conducted the survey, about 43 lakh families were surveyed for this purpose. This number (43 lakh families) is far greater as compared to many other large surveys. Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, UP etc were also included for this (child marriage) survey. As compared to this, in Hoshangabad district of MP the rate of child marriage is minimum at 4.2%.

Infantile Mortality: According to Registrar Genral of India’s SRS 2014 Report, maximum rate of infantile deaths or mortality also is in MP where on an average 52 infants out of one thousand die before completion of one year, which is the highest among the 22 states taken for this survey. In rural areas this situation is worse where out of one thousand infants, on an average 57 infants die before one year. Of these 57% in rural areas who die before one year, 58% are infant girls. According to the survey, main reasons for such large percentage of deaths (of infants) is shortage of doctors in 70 percent hospitals and absence of suitable arrangements for treatment.

This article appeared in The Milli Gazette print issue of 1-15 November 2016 on page no. 15

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