Some important resolutions of Islamic Jurisprudence seminar

Compiled and translated from Urdu by Ghitreef Shahbaz
Following are summaries of some important resolutions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy seminar held during 6-7 March:
Family system: (1) Both the separate and joint family systems are equally correct, because both were approved in prophetic as well as Rashidun (rightly guided caliphs) era. Therefore, one of them cannot be given preference over the other; (2) After the death of the legatee, his/her property should be divided between the successors at the earliest, so that no dispute could arise; (3) Purdah or Hijab (face covering) must be maintained in a joint family system. However, some flexibility can be given regarding uncovering the face in the presence of close relatives, (of non-mahram category) if needed, according to a group of ulama; (4) Women’s rights must be accepted because their rights are generally ignored in Muslim society.
Water issues: (1) Wasting and misusing of water resources is unlawful if water is common property, and if it is personal property, then its wastage and misused will be ‘makrooh’ (detested); (2) Storing water for personal gain is not permitted if it is common property; (3) Plotting in low land areas which will hurt public interest is not allowed, irrespective of whether government is allowing it or not
Jobs of different kinds: (1) Keeping public interest in mind, joining army service is lawful for Muslims; (2) Joining police service is also allowed; (3) Services in courts are also lawful for Muslims; (4) Services in tax collection and revenue departments are permitted; (5) Banks generally deal in interest-based economic activities, hence in principle working with such banks is unlawful but if the mode of work with a bank is not directly related to interest-based activities, then it could be allowed, though the best option is to avoid such a job; (6) Lending property, building etc to bank on rent is not appropriate; (7) Insurance companies generally deal in interest and gambling, so working with them is unlawful, but working with insurance companies which do not operate on interest and are gambling-free, is allowed; (8) Working with wine factories is haram (unlawful); (9) Selling commodities which could be used in wine-making as well as indulging in such work can be allowed but to avoid them is better; (10) Job in super markets wherein, with exception of liquor, most of the selling materials and commodities are lawful and the job is not directly linked to liquor, is also allowed
Entertainment - Film making, Cartooning and staging of drama: (1) Photography of inanimate things like historical places and natural landscape is allowed; (2) Photography of animated things for entertainment purposes is not allowed, but it could be tolerated for educational, reforming and Dawah activities; (3) Making cartoons for educational objectives, specially for children is allowed.
(4) Making defaming cartoons and caricatures amounting to nudity and permissiveness is not allowed; (5) Drama with positive intentions can be staged provided that it is performed without music and with no male and female intimacy. Also footages of prophets, angels and holy companions of the Prophet (pbuh) should not be displayed.
Humour: (6) Humour is allowed provided it is free of immoralities such as lie, mockery, abuse, vulgar words and obscenity; (7) It is absolutely inappropriate to make a profession out of humour and cutting jokes; (8) Holding laughter sessions is not in conformity with Shariah, However, it can be allowed for medical purposes.
Tourism: (1) Visiting places for entertainment where unlawful activities are rampant is not allowed. However, providing transport facilities for the visitors of such places on rent or installing foodstalls there can be allowed.
Sports: (1) Speculation in sports is gambling and, therefore,haram (unlawful); (2) Sports as a means of entertainment or maintaining health are lawful but not as a profession, and also provided that they should be free of evils like time-wasting, because time is too precious to be killed in a sport, and, therefore, any time killing sport cannot be fully permitted; (3) Rules of body covering laid down by Shariah in general circumstances, players and sportsmen are also bound to abide by them; (4) It is permitted to purchase tickets to watch lawful sports; (5) In sports one-sided betting or betting by a third party is allowed but betting by two concerned parties is not permitted.

This article appeared in The Milli Gazette print issue of 1-15 April 2011 on page no. 14

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