Of the 28276 Urdu medium schools in the country, 16382 run by govts.
New Delhi: In a written reply to a question by Tariq Anwar, Lok Sabha MP from Katihar (Bihar) the information available from the Department of Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) is that there are 28,276 Urdu medium schools in the country of which 16382 are run under the auspices of (state) governments. The MP, Tariq Anwar had, in fact asked many questions in the Lok Sabha such as: has the government taken any step for opening Urdu medium schools in the country, including Tamil Nadu; in which school, college and university there is a shortage of Urdu professors, lecturers and teachers, particularly in UP and Bihar such information may be provided and lastly, has the government taken any concrete steps to improve the conditions presently prevailing in these respects?
In written reply to these questions it was stated in Parliament by HRD ministry’s Department of school education and literacy that the states have the power and jurisdiction to decide in which medium schools have to be opened or set up because these are state subjects. It was further stated that under ‘Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan’, central government provides financial assistance to states for opening primary, upper primary and secondary schools and that under this Abhiyan it is the responsibility of state governments to open Urdu medium schools. It was also stated in this reply that the (central) government has no detailed information ‘at state level’ so as to furnish replies to all these questions. However, according to ‘government’ the position regarding number of Urdu medium schools in states is as under:
In Andhra Pradesh there are a total of 4067 Urdu medium schools of which 3141 are government run schools. In Assam there are 68 Urdu medium (UM) schools of which 9 are govt run schools; in Bihar there are 3624 UM schools of which 2597 are govt run schools; in Chhattisgarh there are 133 UM schools of which 11 are govt run schools; in Delhi there are 113 UM schools of which 101 are govt schools; in Goa there are 33 UM schools of which 23 are govt schools; in Gujrat there are 144 UM schools of which 130 are govt schools; in Haryana there are 18 UM schools none of which is run by govt in Himachal Pradesh there is only one UM school and that too is a private school; in J&K there are 1367 UM schools of which 1227 are govt-run schools; in Jharkhand there are 913 UM schools of which 463 are govt-run schools; in Karnatak there are 5227 UM schools of which 4125 are govt-run schools; in Kerala there are only 2 UM schools but both are non-government; In Madhya Pradesh there are 941 UM schools of which 210 are govt-run schools; in Maharashtra there are 5282 UM schools of which 2832 are govt-run schools; in Manipur there are 4 and in Meghalaya there is one UM school none of which is govt-run school; in Orissa there are 283 UM schools of which 148 are govt schools; in Punjab there are only 4 UM schools all of which are private; in Rajasthan there are 574 UM schools of which 44 are govt-run schools; in Sikkim there is one govt-run UM school; in Tamil Nadu there are 280 UM schools of which 214 are private schools; in Tripura there are 3 private UM schools; in UP there are 3459 UM schools of which only 175 are govt-run schools; in Uttarakhand 124 are UM schools of which 20 are govt-run schools; in West Bengal there are 1610 UM schools of which 911 are govt-run schools.
In UP which is the largest state in India from the point of view of population and where the population of Muslims is probably one of the highest, the number of UM schools is 3459 of which only 175 are govt-run schools, and that too when Urdu has been declared the second official language by the Supreme Court of India. It may also be stated in this connection that in written replies to the questions posed by the Lok Sabha MP Tariq Anwar, it is vaguely stated that government furnished the above information and no where name of the HRD minister or minister of state is given who normally furnish written replies in response to questions by MPs.