(10 October 1844 – 19 August 1906) was an Indian lawyer who served as the third President of the Indian National Congress. He was born in Mumbai and the son of a Sulaimani Bohra, and a scion of an old Cambay emigrant Arab family. He sent all of his eight sons to Europe for further studies, at a time when English education was considered anathema for Muslims in India. He returned to India in 1867 and became the first Indian solicitor. One other brother was sent to Najran province of Saudi Arabia for religious studies.
After learning Urdu and Farsi at Dada Makhra's Madrassa, he joined Elphinstone Institution after which he was sent to France for eye treatment following which he joined Newbury High Park College in London at the age of sixteen. He became the first Indian Barrister in Mumbai in April, 1867. He accepted a Judgeship of the Bombay High Court in 1895. In 1902, he became the first Indian to hold the post of Chief Justice in Mumbai. He was also active in women's emancipation and worked to weaken the zenana system (Women belong to home). He was considered among the moderate Muslims during the freedom movement of India. He — along with Pherozshah Mehta, K.T. Telang and others — formed the Bombay Presidency Association in 1885. [Text and photo: Wikipedia]
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