Family & Kids

Who is this General Khan?

General Khan was born on 24 January 1914  in the village of Matore in Kahuta, district of Rawalpindi (now in Pakistan) in the former British India. Captain Sardar Tikka Khan of Matore, his father served in the British Indian Army for almost 30 years. He received his education from the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College in Dehradun.

After the successful completion of his education, Khan was commissioned as an officer in the British Indian Army. In 1940, he volunteered to join the British Indian Army during the initial part of the war in Asia. He participated in the Battle of Singapore on 13 February 1942, but Khan was taken as a prisoner of war by the Japanese after the British army was overrun. He was rather reluctant to become a member of the initial the Indian National Army founded by Mohan Singh. But after the revival of the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army under the leadership of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose in Southeast Asia, General Khan became an active member.  In September 1945, Subhash Chandra Bose selected a regiment that consisted of the top members of the army, who were sent to action to lead the advance into India. The regiment was known as Subhash Brigade and Khan was elected by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose to command the troop.

During the operations, General Khan led the troop over 3000 miles. In the year 1945, he was arrested by the British forces and was sent to Red fort at Delhi for court martial. After the end of the war, Colonel Raja Habib ur Rahman Khan, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, Colonel Prem Kumar Sahgal and General Khan were put to trial in Delhi for waging war against the British Emperor. The prisoners potentially faced the death penalty, life imprisonment or a fine as punishment if found guilty. Jawaharlal Nehru, Bhulabhai Desai, Kailash Nath Katju Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, Asaf Ali and others defended them and demanded that the soldiers of the Provisional Government of Free India should be treated as prisoners of war.

After the disestablishment of the Indian National Army, General Khan joined the Congress party. He contested the first Lok Sabha in the year 1952 from Meerut. He had a memorable parliamentary career and was appointed as minister in various capacities.

Major General Khan headed the committee that constituted by the independent government of India in 1956 to examine the conditions revolving the death of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

He served as the Head of Congress Sewa Dal until his death on 9 December 1983. (
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Answer to the WORD Jumble: General Shah Nawaz Khan