Hero of Jallianwala Bagh
He was an Indian freedom fighter, barrister and an Indian Muslim nationalist leader. He is most remembered for the protests in Punjab after the implementation of Rowlatt Act in March 1919, after which on April 10, he and another leader Dr. Satya Pal, were secretly sent to Dharamsala. A public protest rally against their arrest and that of Gandhi, on April 13, 1919 at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, led to the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Born on January 15, 1888, Amritsar, Punjab. His father originally belonged to a Brahmin family of Baramulla, Kashmir. It was his ancestor, Prakash Ram, who had converted to Islam and later his grandfather, Ahmed Jo migrated from Kashmir in mid 19th century to Amritsar after of the great Kashmir famine of 1871.
He went to Islamia High School in Amritsar, and later obtained a B.A. from Cambridge University, and a Ph.D. from a German university, and began practicing law in Amritsar, and soon came in contact with Mahatma Gandhi. In 1919, he was elected the Municipal Commissioner of the city of Amritsar. He took part in the Satyagraha (Non-cooperation) movement and soon left his practice, to become part of the freedom movement, as well as the All India Khilafat Committee.
He was also a founding leader of the Naujawan Bharat Sabha (Indian Youth Congress). He was also the member of the Foundation Committee of Jamia Millia Islamia, which met on 29 October 1920 and led to the foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia University. He started an Urdu daily “Tanzim” to uplift the Muslims and was instrumental in establishment of Swaraj Ashram in January 1921 at Amritsar to train young men for the national work and to promote Hindu-Muslim unity.
Throughout the 1930-1934 struggles, he was repeatedly arrested, and in all spent fourteen years behind bars.
He oppose Muslim League's demand for Pakistan and called it a blatant "surrender of nationalism for communalism". He moved to Delhi after their house was burnt down during partition of India riots of 1947, thereafter he left the Congress. He come closer to the Communist Party of India and he spent the rest of his years working for closer political and diplomatic relations with the USSR. He was the founder president of the All-India Peace Council and also remained President of 4th Congress of All-India Peace Council, held at Madras in 1954, besides remaining Vice President of the World Peace Council. He died on October 9, 1963. A colony in Ludhiana, Punjab is named after him. Indian Post released a special commemorative stamp featuring him in 1989. Gleaned from wikipedia.org [Answer at the bottom]
Answer to the WORD Jumble:
Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew