Allama Iqbal & Two nation theory
'Much against the commonly-held misconception, he was neither a protagonist of Pakistan (he died in 1938, much before the Muslim League resolution of 1940) nor a supporter of the two-nation theory.
To the British historian Edward Thompson, he wrote: "You call me protagonist of the scheme called 'Pakistan'. But Pakistan is not my scheme... according to my scheme (north-west India, as a new province) will be a part of the proposed Indian federation".
Dr. Tara Chand confirms this in the official history of the Freedom Movement, when he categorically states that Iqbal's "was certainly not a scheme for the partition of India into two independent sovereign states. It was only a plan for the redistribution of territories. There is no reference to the two-nation theory and definitely not to the incompatibility of the Hindu-Muslim cultures".